The effect of job motivation on job engagement in intensive care nurses
Keywords:Job motivation, job commitment, nurse, intensive care, health management
Aim: In this study, it was aimed to determine the job motivation and job engagement levels of nurses, to examine these variables according to sociodemographic characteristics, and to analyze the relationship between job motivation and job engagement.
Materials-Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with nurses jobing in the intensive care units of a tertiary hospital. 200 nurses participated in the study and the participation rate was 59.6%. The survey method was used as the data collection method in the research, and the UWES-9 Utrecht Job Engagement Scale and the Multidimensional Job Motivation Scale were used. Analysis of the research data was made in SPSS 26 program.
Results: It was found that the mean of the Nurses' Job Engagement Scale (3.40±0.84) and the Multidimensional Job Motivation Scale (3.72±0.80). There is a positive and significant relationship between job motivation and job engagement (p=0.000; r=0.438).
Conclusion: The job motivation of the intensive care nurses was found to be moderate, and the level of job commitment was found to be high. It was found that job motivation explained 36.4% of job engagement. According to sociodemographic characteristics, there are significant differences in the levels of job motivation and job commitment.
Toode K, Routasalo P, Suominen T. Work motivation of nurses: A literature review. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2011;48(2):246-257.
Kuvaas B, Buch R, Weibel A, Dysvik A, Nerstad CGL. Do intrinsic and extrinsic motivation relate differently to employee outcomes? Journal of Economic Psychology. 2017;61:244-258.
Khim K. Are health workers motivated by income? Job motivation of Cambodian primary health workers implementing performance-based financing. Glob Health Action. 2016;9:31068.
Bayer N, Gölbaşı Z, Esenkaya E. Hemşirelerde içsel motivasyon ve içsel motivasyonun toplumsal cinsiyet rolleri tutumu ile ilişkisi. Ordu Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Çalışmaları Dergisi. 2022;5(1):22-31.
Gunawan NPIN, Hariyati RTS, Gayatri D. Motivation as a factor affecting nurse performance in Regional General Hospitals: A factors analysis. Enfermería Clínica. 2019;29:515-520.
Coster S, Watkins M, Norman IJ. What is the impact of professional nursing on patients' outcomes globally? An overview of research evidence. Int J Nurs Stud. 2018;78:76-83.
Malik M, Rehan ST, Malik F, Ahmed J, Fatir CA, Hussain Hu, et al. Factors associated with loss of motivation and hesitation to work amongst frontline health care providers during the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional survey from a developing country. Annals of Medicine and Surgery. 2022;83:104766.
Roaa G, Olfat S. Nurses’ professional values and organizational commitment. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences. 2023;18(1):19-25.
Negussie BB, Oliksa GB. Factors influence nurses’ job motivation at governmental health institutions of Jimma Town, South-west Ethiopia. International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences. 2020;13:100253.
WHO WHO. State of the world's nursing 2020: investing in education, jobs and leadership. 2020.
van Mol MMC, Nijkamp MD, Bakker J, Schaufeli WB, Kompanje EJO. Counterbalancing work-related stress? Work engagement among intensive care professionals. Australian Critical Care. 2018;31(4):234-241.
Köse S, Gezginci E, Göktaş S, Murat M. The effectiveness of motivational messages to intensive care unit nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing. 2022;69:103161.
Ugwu FO, Onyishi IE. The moderating role of person-environment fit on the relationship between perceived workload and work engagement among hospital nurses. International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences. 2020;13:100225.
Schaufeli WB, Salanova M, Gonzalez-Romá V, Bakker AB. The measurement of engagement and burnout: A confirmative analytic approach. Journal of Happiness Studies. 2002;3:71-92.
Schaufeli WB, Bakker AB, Salanova M. The measurement of work engagement with a short questionnaire: a cross–national study. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 2006;66:701–716.
Eryılmaz A, Tayfun D. Subjective well-being at work: investigating of psychometric properties of utrecht work engagement scale. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2012;15(1): 49-55.
Gagné M, Forest J, Gilbert M-H, Aubé C, Morin E, Malorni A. The motivation at work scale: validation evidence in two languages. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 2010;70(4):628-646.
Civilidag A, Sekercioğlu G. Studying of adaptation to Turkish culture the multidimensional work motivation scale. Mediterranean Journal of Humanities. 2017;7(1):143-156.
Nal M, Sevim E. Effect of paternalist leadership on work engagement: a research on health workers. Journal of International Health Sciences and Management. 2020;6(10): 90-107.
Yüksel O, Adıgüzel O. Kamu hastaneleri birliği kapsamında yer alan sağlık kurumlarında çalışanlar açısından personel güçlendirmenin iş tatmini ve iş motivasyonu. Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2015;8(39):1019-1027.
Breed M, Downing C, Ally H. Factors influencing motivation of nurse leaders in a private hospital group in Gauteng, South Africa: A quantitative study. Curationis. 2020;43(1):e1-e9.
Kudo Y, Kido S, Shahzad MT, Yoshimura E, Shibuya A, Aizawa Y. Work motivation for Japanese nursing assistants in small- to medium-sized hospitals. The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine. 2011;225(4):293-300.
Wallin S, Fjellman-Wiklund A, Fagerström L. Work motivation and occupational self-efficacy belief to continue working among ageing home care nurses: a mixed methods study. BMC Nurs. 2022;21(1):31.
Cihangiroğlu N, Şahin B, Teke A, Uzuntarla Y. Hemşirelerin çatışma ve mesleki bağlılık düzeylerini etkileyen faktörlerin incelenmesi. Atatürk Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi. 2015;29(4):599-610.
Fidan E, Çetinkaya FF. Psikolojik sermayenin işe bağlılık üzerindeki etkisinde içsel motivasyonun aracı rolü. Yalova Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2022;12(2):53-75.
Jedwab RM, Hutchinson AM, Manias E, Calvo RA, Dobroff N, Glozier N, et al. Nurse motivation, engagement and well-being before an electronic medical record system ımplementation: a mixed methods study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(5).
Giménez-Espert MDC, Prado-Gascó V, Soto-Rubio A. Psychosocial risks, work engagement, and job satisfaction of nurses during Covİd-19 pandemic. Front Public Health. 2020;8:566896.
Köse E. The Research on the relationship between job satisfaction perceptions and work motivation levels of employees. Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University Journal of Social Sciences Institute. 2019;4(1):131-148.
Saracel N, Taşseven Ö, Kaynak E. Türkiye’de çalışan Y kuşağında iş tatmini-motivasyon ilişkisi. Sosyal Bilimler Araştırma Dergisi. 2016;5(1):50-79.
Ağca V, Ertan H. Duygusal bağlılık içsel motivasyon ilişkisi: Antalya'da beş yıldizlı otellerde bir inceleme. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi 2008;10(2):135-156.
Wang Y, Gao Y, Xun Y. Work engagement and associated factors among dental nurses in China. BMC Oral Health. 2021;21(1):402.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Social and Analytical Health
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.