Determining stigmatization of suicide among nursing students
Keywords:Suicide, stigma, nursing students
Aim:The aim of this study was to determine the extent of nursing students’ stigmatization of suicide.
Materials and Methods: The study was descriptive. A total of 300 nursing students from different African countries studying at the nursing faculty of a university in Northern Cyprus were enrolled in the study. The data were collected using a questionnaire form and the stigma of suicide scale (SOSS).
Results: For the SOSS stigmatization sub-dimension the score was 3.79±0.62, for the isolation/depression subdimension it was 2.87±0.63, and for the glorification/normalization subscale it was 2.45±0.66. This study demonstrated that the students' stigmatization of suicide was high, and that as their age and year of study increased, they associated suicide more with isolation and depression.
Conclusions: In order to reduce stigma towards suicide, it is important to ensure that students are introduced to this concept earlier during their education, to plan training to eliminate negative beliefs and attitudes towards suicide attempts, and to make this training sustainable.
who.int. [homepage on the Internet]. Suicide. [updated 17 June 2021; cited 15 February 2023]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/suicide
afro.who.int. [homepage on the Internet]. Reversing suicide, mental health crisis in Africa 2022. . [updated 06 October 2022; cited 15 February 2023]. Available from: https://www.afro.who.int/news/reversing-suicide-mental-health-crisis-africa
Calear AL, Batterham PJ, Christensen H. Predictors of help-seeking for suicidal ideation in the community: risks and opportunities for public suicide prevention campaigns. Psychiatry Res. 2014;219(3):525-530. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.06.027
Lehmann M, Hilimire MR, Yang LH, Link BG, DeVylder JE. Investigating the relationship between self-esteem and stigma among young adults with history of suicide attempts. Crisis. 2016;37(4):265-270. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000399.
Farrelly S, Jeffery D, Rüsch N, Williams P, Thornicroft G, Clement S. The link between mental health-related discrimination and suicidality: Service user perspectives. Psychol Med. 2015;45(10):2013-222. doi: 10.1017/S0033291714003158
Rihmer Z, Gonda X, Torzsa P, Kalabay L, Akiskal HS, Eory A. Affective temperament, history of suicide attempt and family history of suicide in general practice patients. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2013;149:350-354.
Rogers ML, Schneider ME, Gai AR, Gorday JY, Joiner TE. Evaluation of two web-based interventions in reducing the stigma of suicide. Behav Res Ther. 2018;109:49-55. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2018.08.001
Hanschmidt F, Lehnig F, Riedel-Heller SG, Kersting A. The stigma of suicide survivorship and related consequences-a systematic review. PLoS ONE. 2016; 11(9): 1-16. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0162688
Picco L, Chang S, Abdin E, Edimansyah A, Chua BY, Yuan Q, et al. Associative stigma among mental health professionals in Singapore: A cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2019; 9:1-11. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028179
Arslantaş H, Adana F, Harlak H, Eskin M. Hemşirelik ve ebelik öğrencilerinin intihar davranışına yönelik tutumları. Yeni Symposium.2019;57(2):6-12. doi: 10.5455/NYS.20190215102533.
Boğahan M, Türkleş S, Örekeci Temel G. Determination of suicide stigma among nursing students. Hemşirelikte Araştırma Geliştirme Dergisi. 2019; 21(3): 58-69.
Batterham PJ, Calear A, Christensen H. The stigma of suicide scale: Psychometric properties and correlates of the stigma of suicide. Crisis. 2013;34:13-21. doi.10.1027/0227-5910/a000156.
Clement S, Schauman O, Graham T, Maggioni F, Evans-Lacko S, Bezborodovs N, et al. What is the impact of mental health-related stigma on help-seeking? A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies. Psychol Med. 2015;45(1):11-27. doi: 10.1017/S0033291714000129.
Dreier M, Ludwig J, Härter, M. et al. Development and evaluation of e-mental health interventions to reduce stigmatization of suicidality – a study protocol. BMC Psychiatry. 2019;19:152. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2137-0
Eskin M. Suicidal ideation, attempts and attitudes in youth. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi. 2017;32(80): 93-115.
Wallin U, Runeson B. Attitudes towards suicide and suicidal patients among medical students. European Psychiatry. 2003; 18(7), 329–333.
Öz F, Turgut Atak N, Meriç M. Nursing students' attitudes toward death and stigma toward individuals who attempt suicide. Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2022;58(4):1728-1735. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12981.
Flood C, Yilmaz M, Phillips L, Lindsay T, Eskin M, Hiley J, Tasdelen B. Nursing students' attitudes to suicide and suicidal persons: A cross-national and cultural comparison between Turkey and the United Kingdom. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2018;25(7):369-379. doi: 10.1111/jpm.12461.
Park S, Kim M-J, Cho MJ, Lee J-Y. Factors affecting stigma toward suicide and depression: A Korean nationwide study. International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 2015;61(8):811-817. doi:10.1177/0020764015597015
Vedana KGG, Zanetti ACG. Attitudes of nursing students toward to the suicidal behavior. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem. 2019;27.e3116. https://doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.2842.3116
Otsuka H, Anamizu S, Fujiwara S, Ito R, Enomoto M, Furukawa M, et al. Japanese young adults' attitudes toward suicide and its influencing factors. Asian J Psychiatr. 2020;47:101831. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2019.10.011.
Öztürk A, Akın S. Evaluation of knowledge level about suicide and stigmatizing attitudes in university students toward people who commit suicide. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing. 2018;9(2):96-104.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Social and Analytical Health
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.